Geography-GK(PDF-3)


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1. The headquarters of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), formed out of erstwhile USSR, is at --> Minsk in Byelorussia

2. The import of crude oil and petroleum done from national oil companies of producer countries, which have a net exportable surplus of oil is by --> term contracts

3. The hunting and gathering economy can support only --> 1 person per sq. km

4. The largest gulf in the world is --> Gulf of Mexico

5. The imaginary axis at which the earth rotates remains inclined at an angle of ____ to the plane of earth's orbit. --> 66 1/2 °

6. The last major glacial period began about 2,000,000 years before present and is commonly known as --> Pleistocene or ice age

7. The important mountains of Europe include --> Alps, Carpathians, Pyrenees, Apennines

8. The largest fresh water lake of Africa, area wise is --> lake Victoria

9. The latitude 'AA' on the map represents the --> Equator

10. The largest production of mica in Asia is from --> India

11. The imaginary line on the earth's surface, which closely follows the 180 º meridian, is called the --> International Date Line

12. The heavier silicates named as 'Sima' or silica + magnesium are most abundant in the --> ocean floors

13. The highest mountains in Africa, which is not part of any mountains chain, is --> Mt. Kilimanjaro

14. The layer of the earth, immediately below the crust, is called --> outer mantle

15. The greatest variety of animal and plant species is fund in --> tropical moist forests

16. The highest sand dunes are found is --> the Sahara desert

17. The languages used in China is --> Chinese, English

18. The Ice age ended about ____ years ago. --> 14,000

19. The island state of Australia is --> Tasmania

20. The initial increase of magnetic field in magnetic storms is caused --> when the shock wave, associated with the gusty solar wind, compresses the magnetosphere

21. The landforms that are influences by several process namely, weathering, erosion, deposition are known as --> polygenetic landforms
22. The latitude of a place expresses its angular position relative to the plane of --> equator
23. The hot and cold deserts together occupy nearly ____ land area of the world --> 1/3rd

24. The largest country of the world by geographical area is --> Russia

25. The largest fish exporting region in the world is --> the north-east atlantic region

26. The least explosive type of volcano is called --> Basalt plateau

27. The largest gold producing country in the world(in 2006) is --> South Africa

28. The ionosphere includes --> thermosphere and exosphere

29. The largest glaciers are --> continental glaciers

30. The groundwater can become confined between two impermeable layers. This type of enclosed water is called --> artesian

31. The temperature increases rapidly after --> ionosphere

32. The iron and steel industries of which of the following countries are almost fully dependent on imported raw materials? --> Japan

33. The intersecting lines drawn on maps and globes are --> geographic grids

34. The great Victoria Desert is located in --> Australia

35. The higher the wind speed and the longer the fetch or distance of open water across which the wind blows and waves travel, the ____ waves and the ____ energy they process. --> larger, more
36. The latitudinal differences in pressure delineate a number of major pressure zones, which correspond with --> zones of climate

37. The Homolographic projection has the correct representation of --> distance

38. The highest mountain peak of Oceania is --> Puncak Jaya, Indonesia
39. The highest and lowest values of a weather element observed over the entire period of record are --> absolute extremes

40. The largest city in Latin America is --> Mexico city
41. The horizontal of soil profile is composed of --> weathered parent material that is not affected by translocation and organic modification

42. The ionosphere contains ionized air that protects the earth from --> the falling meteorites

43. The land forms that are created by massive earth movements due to place tectonics are called --> structural land forms

44. The largest continent in the world is --> Asia

45. The gulf that separates Finland and Sweden in Europe is --> the Gulf of Bothnia

46. The ground water that occurs when flow of the subterranean water is not confined by the presence of impermeable layers is called --> unconfined groundwater

47. The limit beyond which the stars suffer internal collapse is called the --> Chandrasekhar limit

48. The largest part of our hydrosphere is --> Pacific ocean

49. The island of Sri Lanka formerly known as --> Ceylon

50. The islands of Seychelles are located in the --> Indian Ocean
51. The hot, dry wind on the east or leeward side of the Rocky mountains (North America) is called --> the Chinook

52. The length of the day is determined in --> astronomical units

53. The islands with coral covered surfaces in Bay of Bengal are --> Nicobar islands

54. The infrared radiation by sun are strongly absorbed by --> carbon dioxide

55. The highest mountains on earth namely Mount Everest, K2, Kanchenjanga are located in --> the greater Himalayas

56. The HBJ Upgradation project, upgraded the capacity of HBJ pipeline from 18.2 MM SC MD to --> 33.4 MM SC MD

57. The heavy day soils that show significant expansion and contraction due to the presence or absence of moisture is called --> vertisols

58. The Himalayan mountain system belongs to which of the following? --> Fold mountains

59. The highest average salinity amongst the following seas is reported from --> Dead Sea

60. The leading state in producing paper is --> West Bengal

61. The iron ore mined at Bailadila is mostly --> haematite

62. The group of minerals chemically containing hydrocarbons is --> organic group

63. The highest degree of concentration of mineral deposits are found in --> northeastern zone

64. With the disintegration of USSR in end 1991, comprised of ____ Union Republics. --> 15

65. The habitats valuable for commercially harvested species are called --> sea grass bed

66. The landmass of which of the following continents is the least? --> Australia

67. The minimum values of annual receipts of solar radiation occur at --> the arctic

68. The magnetic field of earth, Magnetosphere expands to about --> 64,000 km above the earth's surface

69. The moon's volume is about ____ that of earth. --> 1/50 th

70. The minerals resources of north-eastern zone include --> coal, Fe, Mn, Cu, Mica, U, diamond

71. The main factor determining a region's climate is --> latitude

72. The magnetic field generated due to magnetic storm is directed in the ____ direction to the earth's main field. --> opposite

73. The model that describes how various geological processes create, modify and influence rock is called --> rock cycle

74. The mountains that separate European and Arctic Russia are --> the Urals

75. The most well known member of halick group is --> Halite

76. The main examples of Rabi crop are --> wheat, barley, peas, rapeseed, mustard, grams

77. The monetary currency of Greece is called (prior to Jan 1, 2002). --> drachma
78. The most notable example of a tectonic valley is that of the --> Kashmir valley

79. The most densely populated regions in the world are --> the monsoon climatic regions
80. The most salty sea in the world is --> Dead sea

81. The mean surface temperature of the sun is estimated to be of the prder of --> 5500ºC

82. The model which explains the various types of igneous rocks --> Bowens reaction series

83. The main percentage of the volume of water in the hydrosphere is in --> oceans and seas
84. The main period of Mesozoic era include --> Triassic period, Jurassic period and cretaceous period

85. The main dividing line between the geological regions of the Indo Gangetic plain and the peninsula is --> the Vindhya range

86. The movement of particles by rolling, sliding and shuffling along the eroded surface is called --> traction

87. The most pleasant elements i.e. summer temperatures rarely above 40º and winters are fairly mild, occur in the --> temperature mid-latitude zone
88. The major crops found in Sudan are --> maize, cotton, bananas, groundnut
89. The major cause of species extinction is --> habitat loss and degradation
90. The monsoon climatic regions are --> South-east Asia including Australia, Africa, America
91. The longest river in the Common wealth of independent states is the --> Volga river

92. The most important factor that is affecting all the chemical weathering processes is --> climate

93. The low heating capacity of which of the types of coal reduces its value as an industrial fuel? --> Peat

94. The most recent era of the geological time scale is --> cenozoic

95. The meridian passing through London is called the --> Prime Meridian of 0º Meridian

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