Saturday, 14 October 2017

Geography – GK (PDF-5) 

1. The percentage of the incident radiation reflected back to space is called --> planet's albedo

2. The planets with no natural satellites (reported so far) are --> Mercury and Venus

3. The relative abundance of dissolved salts in seawater in descending order is --> chlorine, sodium, sulphate, magnesium, calcium, potassium

4. The process that involves the eroded material being dissolved and carried along in water as individual ions is called --> solution

5. The pyramidal peaks that form when several cirques chisel a mountain form three more sides are called --> horns

6.The propagation of radio signals is greatly influence by --> ionosphere

7. The process of capture of precipitation by the plant canopy and its subsequent return to the atmosphere is called --> interception

8. The river situated along the border between the USA and Mexico is --> the Rio Grande

9. The planet that takes the highest time for completing a rotation is --> Venus

10. The rock formations that cannot store groundwater are called --> aquicludes

11. The pedogenic process associated with poor drainage and which involves the accumulation of organic matter in the upper layers of the soil is called --> gleisation
12. The second largest island (next to Greenland) in the world is --> New Guinea

13. The tide of minimum rise is called --> low tide
14. The unit of the light year is used for measuring --> distance between bodies in the universe
15. The snow line on the northern side of greater Himalayas range about --> 5,500 to 6,000 metres
16. The strongest bonds exist between the particles found within --> igneous rocks

17. The subatomic particles arriving from outer space having high energy are called --> cosmic rays

18. Which is most useful for measuring the shortest distance between two places on the earth and path between them? --> Globe

19. The temperature inversion is --> whenever the normal decrease of atmospheric temperature or moisture or both change with height over a short vertical interval
20. The thickness of biosphere is --> 8-10 km above the earth's surface

21. The soil found in areas of heavy rainfall and high humidity, where there is good growth of vegetation is --> peat and marshy soil

22. The tide produced when the moon and the sun are at right angles to the earth, thus pulling in opposite directions, is called --> neap tide

23. The soils whose parent material tend to be rich in sand are --> spodsols

24. The sidereal month may be defined as --> the period in which the moon completes an orbit around the earth and returns to the same positions in the sky

25. The soil used for cutting bricks, use in the construction of houses is --> laterite soil

26. The time difference between each side of the International Date line is --> 24 hours

27. The term used to describe the combined effect of all shortwave losses in --> earth albedo

28. The time interval between one vernal equinox and the next is nearest to which of the following figures? --> 365 days

29. The smallest division of geological time scale is --> stage

30. The third world includes about 120 countries of --> Asia, Africa and Central America

31. The sediment deposited at the base of the glacier is called --> till

32. The sequence of layers of atmosphere from earth to upwards is --> troposphere, tropopause, stratosphere, stratopause, mesosphere, mesopause, ionosphere(thermosphere, thermopause, exosphere)
33. The tunnel that connects France and Italy is --> Mont Blanc Tunnel

34. The tropical cyclones with maximum sustained surface winds of 33 ms are called --> hurricane

35. The tide produced as a consequence of the moon and the sun pulling the earth in the same direction is called --> spring tide

36. The short term variations of the atmosphere, ranging from minutes to months are called --> weather

37. The temperature needed to keep the earth's surface and the atmosphere in thermal equilibrium is called --> the mean global surface temperature

38. The smallest annual temperature range occurs in the --> equatorial tropical climate zone
39. The steady or initial phase of the magnetic storms is --> preceded by storm sudden commencement

40. The texture of a soil refers to --> the size distribution of the mineral particles composing the soil

41. The southernmost part of the world is --> Cape of Horn, S. America

42. The soils common to the south eastern USA are called --> ultisols
43. The term 'flora' in the context of natural vegetation refers to --> plants of a particular region or period, listed by species and considered as a group

44. The term 'Abyssal refers to --> deeper parts of the oceans

45. The spring season in the north temperate zone is when --> the sun is directly overhead the equator
46. The tropical easterlies wind lie at --> 0-30? latitude

47. The tertiary winds on the north of the Alps (Europe) are called --> the foehn

48. The shape of earth is --> oblate spheroid

49. The spiral flow in a stream caused by channel shape is called --> helical flow
50. The temperature increases rapidly after --> ionosphere

51. The southern Deccan area is in a rain shadow and receives only --> 50 to 1000 mm of rainfall a year

52. The second largest continent in the world is --> Africa

53. The south temperature zone is a region lying between --> the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic circle

54. The type of soil needed for rice is --> rich , muddy and saturated with water

55. The study of day-to-day variations in weather called is called --> meteorology

56. The snow line of the Rocky Mountains of the USA is about --> 3 km above sea level

57. The smallest glaciers are --> mountain or alpine glaciers

58. The shortest day (longest night) in the southern hemisphere is --> June 21

59. The tropical and temperate deserts of the world, occupy nearly ____ of the land surface of the worlds. --> (1/7) th

60. The time at a place is determined by --> the parallels of longitude

61. The smallest state, population wise, in the world is --> Vatican City

62. The term 'regur' refers to --> black cotton soils

63. The tropical cyclones do not occur to the equator because of --> weak coriolis force

64. The study of soils is called --> pedology

65. The troughs of the waves are where the jet stream of waves is closest to the --> equator

66. The two 'equinoxes' take place respectively in the months of --> March and September

67. The typical soil of tropical region, formed by the weathering of laterite rock, which promotes leaching of the soil is --> laterite soils

68. The smallest country of the world is --> Vatican city
69.The transverse, longitudinal and surface waves in an earthquake originate from --> the focus within the body of the earth

70. The slow down slope movement of soil and sediment because of frost heaving and thawing is called --> frost creep

71. The uppermost epoch of the Neogene period is --> the Pliocene epoch

72. The Suez canal connects the --> Mediterranean sea and the Red sea

73. The sulphites are a mineral group that contain one or more metallic elements in combination with the sulphate compound ____ --> SO4

74. The three recognized major fishing grounds of the world are located in the --> northern hemisphere only

75. The time interval from when the given star passes directly overhead to when it next passed directly overhead, is defined as --> one sidereal day

76. The transport of warm air toward the poles and cold air toward the equator is due to --> the development of waves rt

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